The federal government needs to extend the deadline for small businesses to repay pandemic loans, the New Democrats and a national association representing small businesses said this week.
The Canadian Federation of Independent Business said nearly a fifth of small businesses are at risk of closure without another extension on the repayment of their Canada Emergency Business Account loans.
But an economist is cautioning against the move, saying taxpayers shouldn’t subsidize businesses that are still struggling to pay back the loans more than three years since the pandemic hit.
During the pandemic the loans provided up to $60,000 in interest-free loans to about about 900,000 small businesses and not-for-profits The deadline to repay these loans was extended last year to December 31, 2023 to ease pressure on businesses still recovering from the pandemic.
Now both the NDP and the Canadian Federation of Independent Business want the deadline to be extended again.
“While the NDP was glad to see the government listen to calls to extend the original repayment deadline, a second extension giving Canada’s small businesses more time to get back on their feet is needed,” NDP small business critic Richard Cannings wrote to Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland on Monday.
“There is a real risk that many will not be able to stay afloat, and a substantial portion of that debt will never be repaid.”
Businesses that pay back their loans by the end of the year are eligible to have up to a third of their loans forgiven. Those that don’t would see their debts converted to a two-year loan with interest of five per cent annually.
About $49 billion went out through the program. Export Development Canada said this spring that as of last November, about $5.7 billion had been paid back but only about 13 per cent of businesses had repaid the non-forgivable portion in full.
Finance Canada has refused to provide an updated figure.
Miles Corak, an economics professor at City University of New York, said the request for another extension should give pause to policymakers interested in promoting productivity growth.
“If after three years, these firms are not in a position to repay loans that they took out voluntarily under a clear set of rules … they clearly are not able to meet the rigorous demands of a competitive market,” he said.
Corak said when unsuccessful businesses close down, they make way for other businesses that can do a better job.
Data from Statistics Canada shows about 40,000 businesses close every month, and a similar number of businesses open.
Though federal parties have squabbled over pandemic support programs, elected officials from all parties are often sympathetic to the plight of small businesses as they argue these businesses make up a large part of the Canadian economy.
According to statistics from Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, small businesses employed more than two thirds of private sector workers in the country as of 2021. A business is considered to be “small” if it employs fewer than 100 people.
But Corak said industrial policy in the country should focus on helping small businesses grow and scale up. Instead, current tax policies are anti-growth by rewarding businesses for being small, he said.
“Much of the government’s current tax policy toward small businesses, and CEBA is just one example of it, are basically in some measure, turning small businesses into a bit of a tax haven, and creating incentives to stay small,” Corak said.